NotaBene е електронно списание за философски и политически науки. Повече за нас

ИЗТОКЪТ НА ЗАПАДА: естетика на хайку

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Списание NotaBene Брой 28

NotaBene е електронно списание за философски и политически науки. Повече за нас

Тема на броя: ИЗТОКЪТ НА ЗАПАДА: естетика на хайку

Защо отворената врата изглежда затворена – един възможен отговор

Abstract:The theme of the unsaid in the poetic text has numerous projections in different plains of philosophy and literature. The aim of the present work is to study the unsaid from a viewpoint connected to the shortest poetic form, haiku, in which the unsaid develops its full potential. A dialogue between East and West is in focus in this research, searching for commonalities in the act of creation, regardless of the differences between Eastern and Western culture.
Key words: haiku, the unsaid, Eastern and Western philosophy

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За някои особености на далекоизточната поезия и мисловност

Abstract: In the article the question of why in Far East shorts forms of poetry are developed is discussed. It analyses such specific for the Eastern thought concepts as response, synchronicity, dynamism, unity, naturalness and the way they are coded in the traditional poetry. The conclusion is that it is the three-lines form of haiku and the four-lines form of traditional Chinese verses that are the simplest and most efficient way for expression of Reality as it is revealed by the Eastern thought.

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Шок за Башьо: (някои) съвременни американски „хайку”

Abstract: Recent publications of experimental English-language haiku have raised a hotly debated question: Do such poems represent the avant-garde of 21st century haiku, or are they "haiku" only because a poet or editor claims that they are? This essay explores this question, beginning with a 17th-century haiku written by the Japanese master Matsuo Basho. An examination of Basho's poem shows that haiku has been an experimental genre since its inception that has required readers to fill in gaps by using their imaginations. However, when we compare Basho's poem with some recent postmodern English-language haiku, it soon becomes clear that poets are leaving so much to the reader's interpretation that their verses have ceased to function as haiku in the traditional sense. Whether these experiments represent the future of haiku or not haiku at all must be decided by poets, readers, editors, and critics. This essay attempts to begin this important inquiry.

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Безглаголните хайку на Битието

Abstract: Non-verb haiku are studied on the base of 6 books of haiku poetry translated into Bulgarian. Some original Bulgarian haiku poems are also studied. Although non-verb haiku are a relatively small group as compared to verb-containing haiku, they reveal a rich semantic content. Interesting cases, such as haiku expressing movement and feelings, are analyzed together with the usual beingness and identification which non-verb sentences presuppose.

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За пластическите достижения на художника Рабиндранат Тагор

Abstract: Rabindranath Tagore is one of the most remarkable and multifaceted personalities of India – a talented writer, poet, play-writer and musician. He was the first Nobel Laureate, both from India and Asia. In the last decade of his long and fulfilled life he was devoted to painting. It is not a hobby for him, but a natural continuation of his literary and spiritual interests. Tagore has penetrating eyes and flaming imagination. With true and genuine dedication he painted portraits, still lifes, landscapes, fantastic birds. As a highly concentrated and focused man, he walks the path from accidental scratching lines and spots on his manuscripts to realized high-impact compositions constructed with compelling sincerity and emotion. Even nowadays his paintings have modern look and impress with his brilliant performance. In the process of drawing Rabindranath Tagore was very vital. He created over 2500 paintings that are the pride of many galleries and museums not only in India but also around the world. In this study I analyze the achievements of Rabindranath Tagore as a painter which is a less known side of his life.

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Подиум

Феноменология и символиката на полуотвореното (1)

The article examines the problem of semi-openness on the basis of a G. Bachelard’s idea mentioned in his “Poetics of space”. Speech closes through meaning while through poetic expression it opens. Movements of "opening and closing are so numerous, so reversible, so tentative" that the philosopher suggests the following wording: "man is essentially semi-open being". In the article Bachelard's ideas are extended by analyzing examples from the field of belles-letters. They cover the existential meanings attributed to the half-open door, eyes, lips, and the so-called mixed objects - object-subjects, which according to the French philosopher open themselves like us and create a sense of intimacy. The idea of semi-openness can be associated from psychoanalytic point of view with melancholy and the accompanying splitting of the personality. It is therefore devoted considerable attention to the way in which psychoanalytic concept of "crypt" appears in the T. Gautier’s work.

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Философия на любовта като път към божественото: щрихи от от “Руският Ерос”

Abstract: The paper describes some Russian philosophical interpretations of love /at the end of 19th and the beginning of 20th century/ as a sacral phenomenon and notion, a way towards God. The philosophical-anthropological approach of those authors analyzes love as metaphysical relation between man and woman, human being and nature, human being and society, human being and God.
Keywords: love, man, woman, God, society, nature.

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Национална и европейска идентичност в сравнителен план

Abstract: Тhe study explores the character of the Supranational identity that is being created within the European Union. In order to understand the models that are used in its construction a comparative analysis between the National and European identity is proposed.

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Дипломатическата култура: два подхода при изследването й

Abstract. The article is focused on two possible approaches to investigate diplomatic culture. The first one implies the consideration of diplomatic culture as “encounter culture” and examines the consequences of this view. The second approach envisions diplomatic culture in its natural development and outlines different phases of its creation emphasizing on the ”classical diplomatic culture”. At the end conclusions are drawn related to the current state of diplomatic culture, the challenges with which it has to cope and the perspective of its survival and proliferation.

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Интеграционна теория за съзнанието

Abstract: The purpose of this article is a philosophical and privatescientific argumentation of the Integration theory of the nature of consciousness. In its development, the author draws mainly on two achievements of the East-European tradition in psychology and philosophy of the mind. These are L. S. Vygotsky’s Cultural-Historical Theory and A. Gavrilov’s Relational Hypothesis of the Mind, and through updating and synthesis with the modern neurophysiological concepts of the function of the brain, the author seeks an integrative defi nition of consciousness.

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Minima moralia

След 26 август 1914: 100 години с Хулио Кортасар

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the 100-year anniversary of Julio Cortazar and accentuates the great Argentinian's political legacy. The present text does not focus on the question whether Cortazar's political persuasions leave room for the social revolution, but rather on the revolutionary way of thinking that is embedded in the very poetics of any given work by this author. This poetics was constituted by means of expression such as repetition and the construction of parallel chronotopes.

Key words: revolution, Cortazar’s poetics, chronotopes, Gilles Deleuze

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Вавилон

Анонс

Джуандзъ за езика и света

Abstract: This article is an attempt to present some essential aspects of the authentic Chinese wisdom that is not based on rational and absolutist constructs as is the Western thought. It discusses the problem of the relation of language to the reality. Its main thesis derived from the Zhuangzi’s treatise is that language is not able to capture entities, it cannot reach or reflect the reality. The article presents the main difference in the philosophical premises of East and West – while the Western thought and logic is built on the idea of substance and entities, the Eastern thought penetrates the understanding of Void, the process of relativity.
Key words: Chinese philosophy, Zhuangzi, language, reality, void

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Poiesis

Поезия от Ли Бо

ЛИ БО (701-762) е един от най-известните китайски поети. Получава класическо конфуцианско образование, но е под силното влияние на даоизма. Харесва отшелническия живот. Пътува из цялата страна. Обикаля знаменитите планини, пътува по ждрелата на реките, по земите на древните царства Ци и Лу. Опитва се да заеме чиновническа служба, но много скоро се разочарова от този живот и напуска. Оставя изключително богато литературно наследство. Оказва въздействие върху цялата китайска поезия.

Стиховете са от подготвения в издателство „Изток-Запад“ сборник с поезия на Ли Бо.

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