NotaBene е електронно списание за философски и политически науки. Повече за нас
Abstract: The different perception and reflection of the world have deep roots in the cultural heritage of Eastern and Western philosophy. Considering the differences between haiku and Western poetry we have to specify that Western poets use mainly metaphoric imagery while haiku poets use concrete imagery, expressed in simple language, and specific artistic devices which originate from Japanese language and culture. There are, however, three exceptions, which bring Eastern and Western poetry closer. They are:
- Surrealistic images
They all are variants of metaphor understood in a narrow literary sense in view of the fact that there is transference of meanings. However they are used in different way in the East and in the West.
Key words: poetry, haiku, surrealistic images, synesthesia; personification
Abstract: The Japanese poet Kobayashi Issa (1763 - 1828) advocated a childlike state of consciousness for composers of haiku. This essay firstly examines Issa's aesthetic approach in the context of cultural antecedents, including Chinese Taoism and Japanese Pure Land Buddhism; and secondly it relates the approach to recent research in neuroscience concerning the development of the Default Mode Network (DMN). Issa's desire, expressed in one of his early poems, to become a child on New Year's Day can be understood as an attempt to return to a primary state of consciousness that preceded the development of the DMN or adult ego. The essay argues that this state of primary consciousness continues to be an important prerequisite for excellent haiku.
It is hard to find a more distinctive mark of modern society than the trust placed
in scientific knowledge. Science is regarded as perhaps the best exemplar
of objectivity, rationality, and progress in human affairs.i
Doppelt (Doppelt 2008: 303)
Abstract: The paper analyzes varieties of aspects of “ethnos – politics” relation: notion of ethnos definitions in the contemporary debates; the ethic localism trends; the conflict generating factors; human rights issue; the legal aspects of the ethnic rights; the typology of the ethnic groups; the role of the state, etc.
Keywords: ethnos, ethnic groups, ethnic rights, ethnic conflicts
Abstract: The article compares the function and the meaning of the minaret and the bell tower. Despite their external similarity, the minaret and the bell tower have different religious sense. The minaret creates specific architectural silhouette of the temple. But additionally it uses the conceptual resources of the Tower of Babel and serves to impose territorial identification of Islam and to strengthen the unity of his followers.
Keywords: temple, minaret, bell tower, tower of Babel, menhir
Abstract: The novel “Eugene Onegin” is analysed through the economical theory of Adam Smith. The research is literary, historical, but also philosophical as much as it turns to some thesis of the Russian anarchism. The displayed context is the one in which Pushkin uses the ideas of Adam Smith about the land, the profit and the private property. In summary is presented also the influence of the ideas of Smith and Marks over the novel of Pushkin and the changes from the middle 19th and early 20th century.
Key words: capital, serfdom, Russian anarchism, economical theory, gentry, political reforms
Abstract: In the current text the thesis of the presence of a dialectical moment in the historical development of the idea of the a priori. The concepts of Plato, Kant and Hartman, which have a key role in the development of the a priori,are chronologically presented . In the history of the idea of the a priori, the following dialectical movement is found: Plato describes the priori as objective, Kant reduces it to the subjective and rejustification of Hartman’s original position.
Key words: a priori, a posteriori, dialectic, historic development