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Medical and Philosophical Ideas in the Treatise „On the Sacred Disease“ from the Hippocratic Corpus

Abstract: The article presents the treatise "On the Sacred Disease" from the Hippocratic corpus in the context of medical and philosophical development in the V-IV c. BC in Greece as one of the most important texts in the establishment and development of rational medicine. In the beginning, brief notes on the Hippocratic corpus and modern views on the authorship of the treatises are given. The ideas of rejecting the divine nature of epilepsy, the encephalocentric theory and the pathological etyology of diseases are analysed.
Keywords: Corpus Hippocraticum, treatise De morbo sacro, medical and philosophical ideas, principles of the rational medicine, ancient understandings of the epilepsy, encephalocentric theory

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