NotaBene .

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ARCHITECTURAL GAMES AND RESULTS: THE GENESIS OF THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE COLLECTIVE HOUSE. Part 1.

Kalin Koev is born in Sofia in 1952. He took master's degree in Sofia University of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy. He was awarded a doctoral degree in 1985 and then he became a lecturer in this University. Since 1990 he lived and worked in Spain. In this period he has held different scientific and engineering positions: for example a researcher in the University of Cantabria and Managing Director of Waters in Cantabria. In 2001 Kalin Koev became Doctor of Science in The University of Cantabria. He has more than 150 publications in different fields of knowledge and a lot of papers presented on symposiums on architecture and engineering. He also has interests in photography and poetry and in 2016 he published a books with photos and poems in Spanish.
The presented paper is a part of a bigger research on the architecture of the collective house from its genesis to nowadays. Here definitions of architecture are given and analysed. The most important stages and figures of this kind of architecture are studied. The article put an accent on Bauhaus school because of its contributions to the architecture of the collective house.
Keywords: Bauhaus, modern architecture, Le Corbusier, Niemeyer

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Translation of Culture and the Culture of Translation

Kalin Koev lives in Santander. He is a poet, photographer and translator from Spanish and Portuguese to Bulgarian and vice verse. His paper analyses two methods of literary translations. The first method tries to carry away one cultural reality into another and here the paraphrase is inevitable. In this respect the article considers St. Jeromes, St. Cyrils and Martin Luthers translations of the Bible which broaden the borders of translation as a cultural phenomenon and gives a beginning of new cultural realities and processes. The second method aims to achieve literal transferring of the original text. The most famous examples illustrating this mode of translation are Nabokovs translation of Eugene Onegin and Francis William Newmans translation of the Iliad which are very skeptically accepted by the readers. The paper states the hypothesis that the translation has to adapt one cultural reality into another and sometimes the translation is better than the original.

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