NotaBene е електронно списание за философски и политически науки. Повече за нас
Abstract: In the twentieth century, body research stopped being extremely biological-medical alone. The employment and representations of the body became a subject of new approaches, originally from anthropology and history. These approaches have taken in the body as a social and civilization product, a bearer and generator of meanings and therefore not of a general and neutral nature. The contemporary French historians were inspired by the work of Nobert El., The Civilizing Process, pointing out to the gradual self-discipline of the body by imposing the rules of good behaviour as well as by the work of M. Foucault who demonstrated the body's interference with power and domination, exploring the techniques of control and oversight in modern Western societies. Within these limits, the sick body, the body that hurts, the gestures, all the care and sprucing up, the pleasure and delight, sexuality, the body that is disciplined and obeys rules, the body that is being exercised, became various views of the history of the body that have given rise to scientific research. The History of the Body is a history of the material spontaneity and civilization diversity. A primary element of identity, the embodiment of the ego, the deceptive immediacy and "naturalness", our body is the ground of history, its blood and flesh. In other words, the body is our prison, but at the same time the body is our world. The body is us.In the work here presented, the author observes the history of the body - how the body has created the world we are living in.
Keywords: body, anima, lie, language, civilization