NotaBene .

Historical roots and modern trends in the field of AI; Why process approach is necessary to progress

Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a renown subject which has been studied for almost a century. In brief, the subject famously began with Turing and his thought experiment: The Turing Test, furthered by others such as Searle with his Chinese room experiment, and explored by a plethora other philosophers and scientists. Modern technology is developing at an exponential rate and currently shows no signs of plateau. It becomes consistently more important in our daily lives. If we keep thinking in this direction, we can imagine a near future where artificially intelligent agents and humans interact through human language, we already have speech recognition in our mobile phones. Our smart machines are becoming more intelligent and are likely to soon be capable of simple thought. There is a real need of a new method, a new philosophy to answer the modern world's questions. It is my belief that in a collaboration between Philosophy of AI and process philosophy these answers can be obtained.

This paper aims to outline some of the historical and modern prerequisites for the development of new philosophical methodology to address the question of artificial intelligence. Briefly, the historical foundations of artificial intellect thinking have been explored starting from ancient times and going through the era of Romanticism, reaching to the present day. Here are some of the most up-to-date and current topics in 2017, as well as the positions of prominent scientists, technologists, developers and computer specialists. Presented in the second part of the paper are some of the modern tendencies in the philosophy of artificial intelligence; why the classical philosophical methods no longer work so well in examining the problems, what they miss and how they could be supplemented. The third part proposes using the approach of process philosophy as most relevant to the contemporary situation. Further discussed is the renowned founder of process philosophy, the mathematician and philosopher Alfred Whitehead, as well as some of his points of view relevant to the current paper. Other positions of modern philosophers such as William James, who support Whitehead's views, are considered as part of examining a new philosophical methodology to artificial intelligence.

Keywords: philosophy, artificial intelligence, AI, philosophy of AI, philosophy of artificial intelligence, process philosophy, pragmatism, epistemology, ontology, Alfred Whitehead, William James, Margaret Boden, John Searl, Vesselin Petrov.

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