NotaBene .

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Waterfalls and Fountains in Haiku and in Western Poetry

Abstract: This article tries to answer two questions: first, why are civilization and its main symbol the city opposed to Nature in the West, while they are not confronted in the East; and second, in what way does this divergence between the Eastern and the Western cultures develop corresponding to different levels of Western poetry and haiku. The investigation proves that the primary contradiction anthropocentrism versus cosmocentrism reveals itself at different levels and raises other contradictions, such as: linguistic code versus pictorial code; metaphor understood in a narrow literary sense versus kigo; personification versus animism.

Key words: poetry, haiku, nature, city, Western culture, Eastern culture.

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Reality and Reflections in the Western Short Poems and Haiku

The theme of Reality reflections in the poetic text has numerous projections in different levels of philosophical and literary science. The aim of the present work is the study from one viewpoint connected to the shortest Western poetic forms and Haiku. There is a special focus on a dialogue between East and West.

Keywords: Far East; West; haiku; aphorism, proverb, one line poem.

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