NotaBene е електронно списание за философски и политически науки. Повече за нас
Far Eastern culture is integrated and united around a core of mystical nature. The Western approach is characterized by differentiation and analysis. Therefore, haiku is not always regarded as an integral part of a culture in which a particular spirituality plays a major role. This study focuses on the task of tracing out the reception of Far Eastern philosophical thought, and in particular haiku, in the Western world. The issue is considered in the context of the dynamic picture of profound changes that alter Western civilization itself during the 19th, 20th and early 21st centuries.
Abstract: This article tries to answer two questions: first, why are civilization and its main symbol “the city” opposed to Nature in the West, while they are not confronted in the East; and second, in what way does this divergence between the Eastern and the Western cultures develop corresponding to different levels of Western poetry and haiku. The investigation proves that the primary contradiction – anthropocentrism versus cosmocentrism – reveals itself at different levels and raises other contradictions, such as: linguistic code versus pictorial code; metaphor understood in a narrow literary sense versus kigo; personification versus animism.
Key words: poetry, haiku, nature, city, Western culture, Eastern culture.
The theme of Reality reflections in the poetic text has numerous projections in different levels of philosophical and literary science. The aim of the present work is the study from one viewpoint connected to the shortest Western poetic forms and Haiku. There is a special focus on a dialogue between East and West.
Keywords: Far East; West; haiku; aphorism, proverb, one line poem.