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Gnosis, Utopia, Revolution the Russian Mystic Anarchism

The subject of this paper is the revolutionary attitude of the Russian social-spiritual movement called mystical anarchism. The article describes its specific characters summarized mainly by the idea of non-acceptance of the world. An analogy between the ancient Gnosticism and the mystical anarchism is drawn. The focus of the paper is on the views of Vasilij Nalimov and Aleksej Sinyagin whose activity is in the context of the Soviet reality. The author shows the similarities between the Gnostic essence of mystical anarchism and the ideas of the Bulgarian Bogomils who are highly appreciated by Sinyagin. It is concluded that the Gnostic essence of the mystic-anarchist ideas determines their destructive character and that the imagined by the representatives of this movement revolution could not at all be soft.

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Stefan Popov: The Philosophy of the Country

Abstract. The following text presents the personality and philosophy of Stepan Popov, Bulgarian emigre (1906-1989). The first comment is on his Bulgarian period when he was one of the leaders of the rightist socio-political movement "The Third Generation". More attention is paid on his philosophy of history expressed mainly in his book Der Wille zur Gestalt", 1970. The article analyzes some of the basic philosophical-historical concepts such as nation, national character, people, state, etc. The stress is put on the author's concept of the Bulgarian idea as the essence of his philosophy of native land.

Keywords: Stephan Popov, philosophy of history, philosophy of native land, the Third Generation, the Bulgarian idea

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