NotaBene е електронно списание за философски и политически науки. Повече за нас
This report aims to examine the COVID-19 pandemic from the perspective of the complex and contested relationship with human rights. On the one hand, this is necessary because the pandemic period has caused disastrous years for human rights in Europe. While for several years parts of the entire continent have increasingly wavered on some of the commitments to respect human rights standards, the COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the erosion of the democratic structure of European society. Along these lines, the pandemic could be compared to both 11/11/2001 and the financial crisis of 2008. On the other hand, this topic is necessary because of the potential that COVID-19 gave to many governments, providing them a pretext to use a different palette of fears that the pandemic has provoked. From this point of view, such an analysis should establish from the outset that Europe is at a crossroads, and the direction that will be chosen will shape the future of the continent to a large extent.
Keywords: covid-19, human rights, Europe, healthcare
The purpose of this article is to explore the relationship between the concepts of freedom and determinism in the European tradition by conceptualizing through historical and philosophical analysis their connection to different patterns of thinking, typical for the ancient period. In this way, gravitating on theses based on the so-called "Principle of bivalence", the text also represents the views of Aristotle, Cicero, Epicurus and the philosophy of the Stoics.
Key words: Ancient philosophy, freedom, fate, determinism
The purpose of this text is to analyze some of the philosophical views of L. Feuerbach while examining his main theses related to the anthropologisation of God, the purpose of philosophy and the role of the senses and love in the process. In this way, the article reflects on an original historical-philosophical model of thinking, which considers man, including nature as the basis of man, in a single, universal and most comprehensive subject of philosophy. All this conceives anthropology, along with physiology, as a universal science.
Key words: Feuerbach, anthropology, philosophy of the senses
This article aims to consider bioethics as a type of practical ethics that contains a complex and contested connection with philosophical theory. On the one hand, this is necessary because most of the thinkers in this field are philosophers who contribute through philosophical methods of research, respectively through the analysis of historical and philosophical ethical theories. On the other hand, many who work in the field of bioethics, including philosophers, are strongly skeptical of the idea that high theory (such as Kantianism and utilitarianism) should be applied or adapted directly to practical problems. The article shows that the paradigm of high theory tempts every philosopher, but from the point of view of bioethical contemporary reality, as well as from the diversity of various high philosophical theories within philosophy itself, a "nonideal" middle-level theorizing is the place philosophy should occupy in the field of bioethics and related fields. Viewed in this sense, the philosophical theory has its rightful place in bioethics, insofar no bioethics could fully exist without the presence of some kind of philosophy because the problems of bioethics are part of the problems of philosophy.
Keywords: bioethics, philosophy, high theory, ethics
This text has the intention to explore a major problem: the relationship - as much as it exists - between modernity and the Holocaust. For this purpose, Zygmunt Bauman's views are taken as a starting point and the attempts is to be determine whether they are true and correct. For this reason that article generally tries to be an alternative to the view that modernity legitimizes science as its "singular orthodox cult" (Bauman, 2002: 109) and, on the contrary, asserts that throughout modernity we see not denial, but grading and identifying the passion with life itself and with the essence of humanity (which is beautifully synthesized by L. Feuerbach). To prove this, the article looks into the works of a series of thinkers that gave the image of what remains in history under the name modernity.
Keywords: modernity, Holocaust, Zygmunt Bauman, Utopia
This article explores one of the most powerful methods, used by totalitarian regimes to control the population. This often involves large-scale of lies, manipulation of the opinion, censorship and various techniques of propaganda. The current text also refers to the modern media tools such as the internet to show ways to counteract manipulation and the fabrication of opinions. As the third level of these reflections is the question of the opposition nature-nurture, nature-law and nevertheless - the difference between human interests and human rights.
Key words: Communication, manipulation of the opinion, social media, propaganda, mindcontrol, censorship, nature, nurture, law, human rights, interests.
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to present philosophy as an imitation of reality and to consider it as a "mimesis" of the existing. This way of thinking oviesly opposes to the opinion that philosophy is pure science and, as an alternative, it treats it as a unity of science and art - science as far as it explores things and art so much that it interprets them subjectively. As a result of that the article ends with another definition of man. Man as a subjectively-interpreting reality being, man as the constant imitator – of the nature, of the world itselfs, of God, of the language, of the other imitators.
Keywords: imitation, mimesis, philosophy and science, existing, being
The Paradoxical Aesthetics of Denis Diderot: Is There Any Objective ‘Essence’ of Art? Realism in Enlightenment
The purpose of this article is to go deeper into Diderot's studies of the origin of beauty. The very word "aesthetics" – derived from the Greek word “αίσθησης” and means sensation, perception or sense experience — concerns itself with the study of art and beauty. As a philosopher Diderot seeks to understand the principles that underlie our value judgments: What is beauty? Is it objective in any way? How is aesthetic pleasure related to perception? What is an artist? What is called talent or genius? What makes something be art? And isn’t it beauty just a perception of relations? Nevertheless this article has as its purpose to reveal part of the French aesthetics of the eighteenth century. Therefore, it passes through a number of philosophers who are deal themselves with the nature of beauty аs Plato, Augustine, Christian Wolf, Jean-Pierre Cruze, Fr. Hutchison.
Key words: history of philosophy, history of arts, realism, Diderot, аesthetic beauty, essence of the genius.