NotaBene е електронно списание за философски и политически науки. Повече за нас
This text has the intention to explore a major problem: the relationship - as much as it exists - between modernity and the Holocaust. For this purpose, Zygmunt Bauman's views are taken as a starting point and the attempts is to be determine whether they are true and correct. For this reason that article generally tries to be an alternative to the view that modernity legitimizes science as its "singular orthodox cult" (Bauman, 2002: 109) and, on the contrary, asserts that throughout modernity we see not denial, but grading and identifying the passion with life itself and with the essence of humanity (which is beautifully synthesized by L. Feuerbach). To prove this, the article looks into the works of a series of thinkers that gave the image of what remains in history under the name modernity.
Keywords: modernity, Holocaust, Zygmunt Bauman, Utopia
This article explores one of the most powerful methods, used by totalitarian regimes to control the population. This often involves large-scale of lies, manipulation of the opinion, censorship and various techniques of propaganda. The current text also refers to the modern media tools such as the internet to show ways to counteract manipulation and the fabrication of opinions. As the third level of these reflections is the question of the opposition nature-nurture, nature-law and nevertheless - the difference between human interests and human rights.
Key words: Communication, manipulation of the opinion, social media, propaganda, mindcontrol, censorship, nature, nurture, law, human rights, interests.
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to present philosophy as an imitation of reality and to consider it as a "mimesis" of the existing. This way of thinking oviesly opposes to the opinion that philosophy is pure science and, as an alternative, it treats it as a unity of science and art - science as far as it explores things and art so much that it interprets them subjectively. As a result of that the article ends with another definition of man. Man as a subjectively-interpreting reality being, man as the constant imitator – of the nature, of the world itselfs, of God, of the language, of the other imitators.
Keywords: imitation, mimesis, philosophy and science, existing, being
The Paradoxical Aesthetics of Denis Diderot: Is There Any Objective ‘Essence’ of Art? Realism in Enlightenment
The purpose of this article is to go deeper into Diderot's studies of the origin of beauty. The very word "aesthetics" – derived from the Greek word “αίσθησης” and means sensation, perception or sense experience — concerns itself with the study of art and beauty. As a philosopher Diderot seeks to understand the principles that underlie our value judgments: What is beauty? Is it objective in any way? How is aesthetic pleasure related to perception? What is an artist? What is called talent or genius? What makes something be art? And isn’t it beauty just a perception of relations? Nevertheless this article has as its purpose to reveal part of the French aesthetics of the eighteenth century. Therefore, it passes through a number of philosophers who are deal themselves with the nature of beauty аs Plato, Augustine, Christian Wolf, Jean-Pierre Cruze, Fr. Hutchison.
Key words: history of philosophy, history of arts, realism, Diderot, аesthetic beauty, essence of the genius.