NotaBene е електронно списание за философски и политически науки. Повече за нас
The article discusses the epistemological question of truth as a projection of language and of language as a sign of reality in the broad sense of the Western mentality, including the natural/formal/exact sciences and philosophical metaphysics both understood as language. The Eastern idea of language opposes this – the language in its absolute state, ie as merged with reality itself (thing, gesture, phenomenon), not as a sign/name of the reality. This western-eastern epistemological plot is organized around the philosophical figures of early Hegel and late Heidegger with Nietzsche’s central, switching role.
But the whole philosophical formulation of the case leads to a story by the Bulgarian writer Emilian Stanev (1907–1979) – “The Death of a Bird” (1942), in which the thesis is presented in a spontaneous way. The figure of the animal is central as a philosophical figure, synthesizing Heidegger’s idea of Sein-zum-Tode, on the one hand, and the Eastern idea of the fusion of language and ‘world’ (Weltbild).
Key words: Language – reality; Hegel–Nietzsche–Heidegger; Weltbild; Sein-zum-Tode; Emilian Stanev – “The Death of a Bird”