NotaBene е електронно списание за философски и политически науки. Повече за нас

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Резултати от търсенето На зададените критерии отговарят 48 материала

“Avenue Foch” in Philosophical-Aesthetic and Axiological Touches

Abstract:
This paper gives a close reading of Dr. PetarKonstantinov’s fiction novel “Avenue Foch” (1993) – a chronicleofthelifesuccessesandadversitiesof a youngpainterinSofiainthe 1980s, – throughtheprismoftheaestheticandvalueaspectsoftheprotagonist‘sworldview. Theexpositionconsecutivelyfixeson ’AvenueFosch’asanallegoryofthe peaksinhumancultureintheiraxiologicalambivalence; onportrayingthepersonalityoftheyoungpainterthroughhisrelationshipswiththeclosestones inhisenvironment; onone’soriginalmotivesto choose –or,ratherrealizeandaccept–one’sfateas a creatorbybirth; ontheinsuperabilityinthischoiceandthisfate.
Ключови думи: “Avenue Foch”, PetarKonstantinov, art, creation, artistic worldview, expectation, insuperability

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„Авеню Фош" във философско-естетически и аксиологически щрихи

Резюме:

Статията представлява близък прочит на художествения роман на д-р Петър Константинов „Авеню Фош" (1993) - хроника на житейските успехи и несгоди на един млад художник в София от 80-те години, - през призмата на естетическите и ценностните аспекти в световъзприятието на главния герой. Изложението се спира последователно върху „авеню Фош" като алегория на върховете в човешката култура в тяхната аксиологическа амбивалентност; върху обрисуването на личността на младия художник през неговите взаимоотношения с най-близките в обкръжението му; върху изначалните мотиви човек да избере - или дори по-скоро да осъзнае и приеме - своята съдба на творец по рождение; върху непреодолимостта в този избор и в тази съдба.

Ключови думи:„Авеню Фош", Петър Константинов, изкуство, творчество, художествено световъзприятие, очакване, непреодолимост

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A Story of a Bulgarian about the Philosophy Education as a Module of the Cognitive Science in Germany

This article proceeds from the assumption that academic knowledge could be enriched not only by personal investigations but through the view towards and the understanding of the work and achievements of other scholars in a particular field of knowledge. The paper put an accent on the personal experience in the meeting with other modes of investigation. From this point of view the personal experience of a Bulgarian student on the philosophy education as a module of the cognitive science is described and analysed.

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Разказ на един българин за обучението по философия като модул на когнитивната наука в Германия

Настоящата статия изхожда от предпоставката, че академичното знание се обогатява, не само чрез собствени изследвания, но и чрез поглед към и разбиране на работата и постиженията на останалите изследователи в дадена област на познанието. В текста се набляга върху личния опит от първо лице в срещата с друг тип изследователски методи, като този личен опит не се предава чрез стандартните научни статии и студии, но пък неговите прозрения са от изключителна стойност, а херменевтичните му тълкувания са безкрайни. От подобна гледна точка текстът описва и дискутира личния опит на един български студент по преподаването по философия в Германия като модул на когнитивната наука, която впоследствие се подлага на историко-философски анализ.

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The Possibilities of Science and Biotechnologies – Meeting with Future. The Provocation of the Humanistic Tradition

The article focuses upon some ethical and social problems bound up with the development of biotechnologies. The progress of science and biotechnologies conduces to new situations that provoke human values, traditions and fundamental principles. “What way the man is going to choose” is a very important question. We have to table it for discussion before we continue to organize the reality around us in conformity with some already established practices that change us and our world.
Key words: biotechnologies, humanism, transhumanism

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Възможностите на наука и биотехнологии – среща с бъдещето. Провокацията на хуманистичната традиция

В статията поставям етични и социо-политически проблеми, свързани с развитието на биотехнологиите. Възможностите на технологиите и науката много бързо се развиват, и възникват нови и нови ситуации, непознати преди, които провокират човешките ценности, традиции и основополагащи принципи.”Какъв път ще избере човека” е един въпрос, поставянето на който е изключително важно, преди да продължим да се стремим да организираме реалността си в съответствие с вече установени (но не избрани) практики, които променят нас и света ни.
Ключови думи: биотехнологии, хуманизъм, трансхуманизъм

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Translation of Culture and the Culture of Translation

Kalin Koev lives in Santander. He is a poet, photographer and translator from Spanish and Portuguese to Bulgarian and vice verse. His paper analyses two methods of literary translations. The first method tries to carry away one cultural reality into another and here the paraphrase is inevitable. In this respect the article considers St. Jerome’s, St. Cyril’s and Martin Luther’s translations of the Bible which broaden the borders of translation as a cultural phenomenon and gives a beginning of new cultural realities and processes. The second method aims to achieve literal transferring of the original text. The most famous examples illustrating this mode of translation are Nabokov’s translation of Eugene Onegin and Francis William Newman’s translation of the Iliad which are very skeptically accepted by the readers. The paper states the hypothesis that the translation has to adapt one cultural reality into another and sometimes the translation is better than the original.

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Превод на културата и културата на превода

В статията се разгледани двата начина да се превежда едно литературно произведение. Единият търси пренасянето на една културна реалност в друга при който перифразата е неизбежна, вторият търси дословната вярност към оригинала и неговия автор. Анализирани са примери за културното въздействие на преводи на значими произведения, при които са приложени споменатите два начина да се превежда. Във връзка с първия начин са обсъдени преводите на библията, на свети Йероним, на свети Константин Кирил Философ и на Мартин Лутер, всички те разширяват границата на превода като културно явление и дават начало на нови културни реалности и процеси. Дадени са примери и за втория начин да се превежда при които, въпреки големите усиля и литературния авторитет на преводачите Франсис Нюман и Владимир Набоков, резултатът е скептично приет от публиката. Накрая се застъпва идеята, че художественият превод трябва да се стреми да адаптира една културна реалност към друга и че в този процес на адаптиране преводът няма защо да е по-лош от оригинала, а в определени случаи и по-добър от него.

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The Weber's spirit of capitalism - a precursor to the risky society. About the creditworthy person - the "hero" of early and late modernity

Abstract: The creditworthy person is the real "hero" of our time, but he isn't a discovery of modernity. In 1905 the father of sociology Max Weber "discovered" the creditworthy individual to be the bearer of the capitalism spirit. "The spirit of capitalism is the creditworthy person," Weber writes in his main work "The Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism" and admits that the true measures and characteristics of the spirit of capitalism were set in the 18th century by one of the founding fathers of USA, Benjamin Franklin. Under the conditions of late modernity the creditworthy person again has a fundamental role in our society considered as a risky society in accordance with the definition, given by Urlich Beck in "The Risky Society - On the Way to Another Modernity".

Key words: Max Weber, spirit of capitalism, risky society

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The Superhuman and his Cry / or How Kazantzakis Read Nietzsche /

Abstract: In this article, I'm trying to draw a line of continuity between the metaphysics of Friedrich Nietzsche and his Greek disciple - the famous author Nikos Kazantzakis. The main quest is centred in the character of Alexis Zorbas and the philosophical novel "Askitiki", which in my opinion brings this metaphysical core to its limits.

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DAODAZZIN: VARIATIONS AND VARIABILITY

INTERPRETATIONS OF DAODEJING

Abstract:
The paper aims to reveal the reasons for different perceptions of one of the fundamental texts of Daoism, Daodejing. It points out that fluidity and relativity are essential characteristics of the Chinese vision of reality and that this vision requires a corresponding language. Daodejing is a text, which simultaneously presents both the theoretical background of this vision and its practical application in language. Therefore its linear interpretation is not only impossible, it is incorrect.
Key words: Chinese philosophy, Daoism, dao, comparative thinking

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TANGO - FROM DIALITY TO UNITY

All spiritual practices of the East aimed at reaching the rest physical and mostly mental. Similarly, the Tango can be defined as a type of spiritual practice, along the lines of the swing with a sword in Aikido or meditation in motion. Tango provides a clear expression of the merger of the two principles in nature, the two opposites--male and female--in one in a natural and extremely aesthetically appealing, minimalist way – like the simplicity of modification in Japanese painting, imbued by Zen.
Key words: Tango, Tao, Zen, Duality, Unity, Meditation

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The East - West dialogue in two of Regis Wargnier movies

This article is viewing the theme of the dialogue East-West through the prism of art. For this aim two of the director's Régis Wargnier movies are chosen for consideration. 
His cinemanovel  East-West ( EST - OUEST, 1999) is a classically based on the dramaturgy of the narrative cinema. The choice of this form is not an accidental one because his creative goal is to understand the complicated human destinies that are tragical subjects of influance of the dominant social relationships.  In this case the destiny of a whole generation that became a victim of the political reallity afther World War II in Europe is realised. 
The next work of Wargnier, Indochinaq ( Indochine, 1992) is build according to strictly dated historical facts skillfully interweaved with the cultural, political and everyday characteristics of the time and place.
Key words: ideology, culture, identity,,fate, life.

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About the Impact of Shinto and Zen on Haiku

This article is about the impact of Shinto and Zen on Haiku. It aims to add another touch to the theme of the impact of Shinto and Zen on Haiku poetry. The author considers the Haiku problem from the point of spiritual paths. And the main thesis is that one can not speak of the influence of a separate spiritual tradition on Haiku, because the very essence of the Japanese is multi-layered, enriched with the intertwining of the Shinto, the local tradition, with Zen, the introduced tradition. Other influences such as: an era preceding Haiku creative works, influences of personalities, etc. are being considered. The article examines the period of creation of this art and analyzes the prerequisites and the reason for its occurrence. Key facts about the Shinto and Zen traditions are presented which show how and where these spiritual paths intertwine and form a unique pathway called Zen. The conclusion is that the Japanese Buddhist is a born Japanese, which means that he generally carries a shin. And the influence of Shinto and Zen on Haiku can be seen in the given and analyzed examples of Haiku.

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Haiku - Between Creativity and Dogmatism

Generally, the article argues over the issue what haiku is according to contemporary perceptions, how far the poet's freedom stretches in a poetry of strict cannon - and to what extent the proclaimed rules serve artistic creativity or turn into a dogma which poses limitations to the artistic process. It briefly touches upon metaphor, the presence of abstract notions, the rhythm of 5-7-5 syllables and so on. Examples are provided to illustrate these concepts.

Key words: haiku, rules, creativity

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За влиянието на шинто и дзен върху хайку

Abstract
This article is about the impact of Shinto and Zen on Haiku. It aims to add another touch to the theme of the impact of Shinto and Zen on Haiku poetry. The author considers the Haiku problem from the point of spiritual paths. And the main thesis is that one can not speak of the influence of a separate spiritual tradition on Haiku, because the very essence of the Japanese is multi-layered, enriched with the intertwining of the Shinto, the local tradition, with Zen, the introduced tradition. Other influences such as: an era preceding Haiku creative works, influences of personalities, etc. are being considered. The article examines the period of creation of this art and analyzes the prerequisites and the reason for its occurrence. Key facts about the Shinto and Zen traditions are presented which show how and where these spiritual paths intertwine and form a unique pathway called Zen. The conclusion is that the Japanese Buddhist is a born Japanese, which means that he generally carries a shin. And the influence of Shinto and Zen on Haiku can be seen in the given and analyzed examples of Haiku.

Абстракт
Настоящата статия има за цел да добави още един щрих към темата за влиянието на шинто и дзен върху хайку поезията. Авторът разглежда хайку-проблематиката от позицията на духовните пътеки. А основната теза е, че не може да се говори еднозначно за влиянието на отделна духовна традиция върху хайку, защото самата същност на японеца е многопластова, обогатена с преплитането на шинто, местната традиция, с дзен, привнесената традиция. Разглеждат се и други влияния като: епоха, предшестващи хайку творчески произведения, влияния на личности и др. Докладът разглежда периода на създаване на това изкуство и анализира предпоставките и причината за появата му. Изведени са основни факти за шинто и дзен традициите, които показват как и къде тези духовни пътеки се преплитат и образуват един уникален път, наречен дзен. Заключението е, че японският будист е роден японец, което означава, че той по принцип носи в себе си шинто. А влиянието на шинто и дзен върху хайку се вижда в дадените и анализирани примери на хайку-стихове.

Ключови думи: шинто, дзен, хайку.

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Хайку - между творчеството и догматизма

Generally, the article argues over the issue what haiku is according to contemporary perceptions, how far the poet's freedom stretches in a poetry of strict cannon - and to what extent the proclaimed rules serve artistic creativity or turn into a dogma which poses limitations to the artistic process. It briefly touches upon metaphor, the presence of abstract notions, the rhythm of 5-7-5 syllables and so on. Examples are provided to illustrate these concepts.

Key words: haiku, rules, creativity

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Свръхчовекът и неговият вик /или как Казандзакис чете Ницше/

Abstract: In this article, I'm trying to draw a line of continuity between the metaphysics of Friedrich Nietzsche and his Greek disciple - the famous author Nikos Kazantzakis. The main quest is centred in the character of Alexis Zorbas and the philosophical novel "Askitiki", which in my opinion brings this metaphysical core to its limits.

Key words: Nikos Kazantzakis, Friedrich Nietzsche, Zorba the Greek, Ascesis

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ДАОДЪДЗИН: ВАРИАЦИИ И ВАРИАТИВНОСТ

INTERPRETATIONS OF DAODEJING

Abstract:
The paper aims to reveal the reasons for different perceptions of one of the fundamental texts of Daoism, Daodejing. It points out that fluidity and relativity are essential characteristics of the Chinese vision of reality and that this vision requires a corresponding language. Daodejing is a text, which simultaneously presents both the theoretical background of this vision and its practical application in language. Therefore its linear interpretation is not only impossible, it is incorrect.
Key words: Chinese philosophy, Daoism, dao, comparative thinking

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Веберовият дух на капитализма - предвестник на рисковото общество. За кредитоспособния човек - „героят" на ранната и късна модерност

Abstract: The creditworthy person is the real "hero" of our time, but he isn't a discovery of modernity. In 1905 the father of sociology Max Weber "discovered" the creditworthy individual to be the bearer of the capitalism spirit. "The spirit of capitalism is the creditworthy person," Weber writes in his main work "The Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism" and admits that the true measures and characteristics of the spirit of capitalism were set in the 18th century by one of the founding fathers of USA, Benjamin Franklin. Under the conditions of late modernity the creditworthy person again has a fundamental role in our society considered as a risky society in accordance with the definition, given by Urlich Beck in "The Risky Society - On the Way to Another Modernity".

Key words: Max Weber, spirit of capitalism, risky society

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ТАНГО – ОТ ДУАЛНОСТ КЪМ ЕДИНСТВО

All spiritual practices of the East aimed at reaching the rest physical and mostly mental. Similarly, the Tango can be defined as a type of spiritual practice, along the lines of the swing with a sword in Aikido or meditation in motion. Tango provides a clear expression of the merger of the two principles in nature, the two opposites--male and female--in one in a natural and extremely aesthetically appealing, minimalist way – like the simplicity of modification in Japanese painting, imbued by Zen.
Key words: Tango, Tao, Zen, Duality, Unity, Meditation

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ДИАЛОГЪТ ИЗТОК – ЗАПАД В ДВА ФИЛМА НА РЕЖИС ВАРНИЕ

This article is viewing the theme of the dialogue East-West through the prism of art. For this aim two of the director's Régis Wargnier movies are chosen for consideration. 
His cinemanovel  East-West ( EST - OUEST, 1999) is a classically based on the dramaturgy of the narrative cinema. The choice of this form is not an accidental one because his creative goal is to understand the complicated human destinies that are tragical subjects of influance of the dominant social relationships.  In this case the destiny of a whole generation that became a victim of the political reallity afther World War II in Europe is realised. 
The next work of Wargnier, Indochinaq ( Indochine, 1992) is build according to strictly dated historical facts skillfully interweaved with the cultural, political and everyday characteristics of the time and place.
Key words: ideology, culture, identity,,fate, life.

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След 26 август 1914: 100 години с Хулио Кортасар

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the 100-year anniversary of Julio Cortazar and accentuates the great Argentinian's political legacy. The present text does not focus on the question whether Cortazar's political persuasions leave room for the social revolution, but rather on the revolutionary way of thinking that is embedded in the very poetics of any given work by this author. This poetics was constituted by means of expression such as repetition and the construction of parallel chronotopes.

Key words: revolution, Cortazar’s poetics, chronotopes, Gilles Deleuze

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Мястото на секса сред човешките ценности

Писателят, посветил се на сексуална тема, винаги е в опасност да бъде обвинен в прекомерна мания по своя предмет от онези, които смятат, че подобни теми не трябва да се споменават. Приема се, че той не би рискувал да си навлече порицанието на превзето скромните и похотливи личности освен в случая, когато интересът му към темата далеч превъзхожда значението й. Този възглед обаче споделят единствено онези, които защитават промени в конвенционалната етика.

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