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This article deals with the solidarity conception in the eastern and the western historiography. This article is devoted to the concept of solidarity in the eastern tradition. First the author sets out the history of origin of concept in European historiography. Тhe author states the views of famous French sociological scientist Durkheim - one of the creators of Sociology as an independent science, the founder of professional sociology, whose main central sociological idea of the teaching is the one of the social solidarity. Based on researches of Muslim and European scientists then the author proves the thought that the true founder of this conception was Ibn Haldun Arabian Muslim philosopher, historian of 14th century. Article ends with some reflections about Islamic Solidarity in the modern world.
Keywords: Emil Durkheim, mechanical solidarity, organic solidarity, Ibn Khaldun, “desert” societies, the theory of asabiyya.

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