NotaBene .

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Why There is Something, and Not Nothing? (part one)

The article aims to present in an accessible, modern, and fascinating way the classical evidence for the existence of God. Before this, briefly and in a schematic way, the meaning of the essence of God is stated, or, more formally, what is meant by the term God. The first and main part proceeds with an exposition of the ontological proof of God given by Anselm of Canterbury in its two versions. Then Kant's critique together with Russell's analysis of modern logic are presented. In the second part the cosmological evidence of God in the form in which Thomas of Aquinas constructed it is presented together with Kants and Hume's position on the issue.
Keywords: God, evidence of God existence, Russell, Kant, Hume

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Why There is Something, and Not Nothing? (part two)

The article aims to present in an accessible, modern, and fascinating way the classical evidence for the existence of God. Before this, briefly and in a schematic way, the meaning of the essence of God is stated, or, more formally, what is meant by the term God. The first and main part proceeds with an exposition of the ontological proof of God given by Anselm of Canterbury in its two versions. Then Kant's critique together with Russell's analysis of modern logic are presented. In the second part the cosmological evidence of God in the form in which Thomas of Aquinas constructed it is presented together with Kants and Hume's position on the issue.
Keywords: God, evidence of God existence, Russell, Kant, Hume


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The Theory of Descriptions and Its Influence on the Tractatus

Summary:
The article discusses the issue raised by Russell concerning the essence of the descriptive phrases and specifically the definite descriptions. Russells views of the period of his Platonic atomism related to the nature and the logical form of propositions and their components is briefly stated. Russells theory of descriptions and some ontological views of the earlier Wittgenstein are also commented.
Key words: Russell, Frege, Wittgenstein, description, reductionism

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