NotaBene е електронно списание за философски и политически науки. Повече за нас

Резултати от търсенето На зададените критерии отговарят 4 материала

Renku, Haiku, and Buddhism

It is commonly known that the one-breath poetic form of haiku evolved from the starting verse of Japanese renga—the linked verse form that is widely referred to today as renku. Not commonly known is that renku was shaped over time by Japanese poet-priests to become ultimately a Buddhist ritual designed to lead its participants on an imagined tour of the Mandala of All Creation with the sole purpose of helping them to realize the transience of the universe, thereby taking a major step toward enlightenment. This paper traces the development of renku and haiku to the present day to show how twenty-first century haiku poets stand at a crossroads: they can either continue Masaoka Shiki’s trajectory of de-spiritualizing haiku, or they can cultivate a more traditional spiritual understanding of haiku’s art and deep purpose.

Key words: renku, haiku, Buddhism

This essay first appeared in David G. Lanoue, My Journal with Haiku Sprinkled in (, 2019).
Joint publication of journals NotaBene and Haiku World, Issue 5, 2019

Към публикацията »


Abstract: Japanese haiku master Kobayashi Issa (1763-1828) considered beggars, peasants, orphans, and even ethnic minority outcastes, the Ainu, to be worthy subjects in his one-breath sketches: not looked down upon but rather appreciated as human beings. As a male poet acculturated in the male-dominant Japan of his era, did Issa’s penetrating sympathy for fellow creatures extend also to the economically, socially, and—in some cases—physically enslaved women of his time? An examination of his haiku about prostitutes—from the highest class courtesans of the Yoshiwara down to the lowest grade of streetwalker—reveals that, while there are exceptions, for the most part his haiku portraits of prostitutes coax readers toward deeper understanding and compassion.

Key words: poetry, haiku, Kobayashi Issa, haiku portraits of prostitutes.

Към публикацията »

Исса и проститутките: хайку портрети от ранна модерна Япония

Японският майстор на хайку Кобаяши Исса (1763-1828) счита просяците, селяните, сираците и дори отхвърлните етнически малцинства , айни, за достойна тема в своите скици на един дъх: те не трябва да се гледат от високо, а да бъдат оценявани като човешки същества. Дали Исса като поет-мъж, възпитан в доминираната от мъжете Япония през онази епоха, разпростира своята симпатия към други същества също и към икономически, социално, а - в някои случаи – и физически поробените жени от неговото време? Разглеждането на неговите хайку за проститутките - от най-високата класа куртизанки на Йошивара до най-ниската степен уличници - разкрива, че макар да има изключения, в по-голямата си част хайку портретите му на проститутки призовават читателите към по-дълбоко разбиране и състрадание.

Ключови думи: поезия, хайку, Кобаяши Исса, хайку портрети на проститутки

Към публикацията »

През очите на дете: поетическото съзнание на Исса1

Abstract: The Japanese poet Kobayashi Issa (1763 - 1828) advocated a childlike state of consciousness for composers of haiku. This essay firstly examines Issa's aesthetic approach in the context of cultural antecedents, including Chinese Taoism and Japanese Pure Land Buddhism; and secondly it relates the approach to recent research in neuroscience concerning the development of the Default Mode Network (DMN). Issa's desire, expressed in one of his early poems, to become a child on New Year's Day can be understood as an attempt to return to a primary state of consciousness that preceded the development of the DMN or adult ego. The essay argues that this state of primary consciousness continues to be an important prerequisite for excellent haiku.

Към публикацията »