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Haiku in Romania, from the Orient towards the Orient of the mind

Our contacts with the Orient date back to ancient times, firstly with the Persians, the Mongolians/ the Tartars, the Turks, then with China, Japan and others. There are interesting different approaches to the two areas of the Orient– the Tartar/ Turk: in spite of the common history, with the exception of a few daily used words, this contact produced no traces in literature; the contact with Japan related to haiku gave birth to a significantly nuanced approach and understanding that resulted in a new type of relating to the culture and spirituality of the Japanese archipelago. Our press has provided information about Japan ever since 1841. And also the beginning of the haiku genre in Romania could date back to the middle of the 19th century with B.P. Hasdeu. Important steps were made after 1930, when – starting with haiku, with the anthologies of Traian Chelariu, Al.T. Stamatiad – the interest for the Japanese history and spirituality kept growing and especially after 1989, thanks to the access to numerous information sources this change gained the implications that the ones who are interested are willing to give. Finally, haiku has contributed in its own way to making people fond of Japan and its spirituality and, starting from this point, towards what the Orient is to us, with its diversity and complexity.

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