NotaBene .

The metaphorical nature of language, or the language between poetry and truth (with a view to the East)

The article discusses the epistemological question of truth as a projection of language and of language as a sign of reality in the broad sense of the Western mentality, including the natural/formal/exact sciences and philosophical metaphysics both understood as language. The Eastern idea of language opposes this the language in its absolute state, ie as merged with reality itself (thing, gesture, phenomenon), not as a sign/name of the reality. This western-eastern epistemological plot is organized around the philosophical figures of early Hegel and late Heidegger with Nietzsches central, switching role.
But the whole philosophical formulation of the case leads to a story by the Bulgarian writer Emilian Stanev (19071979) The Death of a Bird (1942), in which the thesis is presented in a spontaneous way. The figure of the animal is central as a philosophical figure, synthesizing Heideggers idea of Sein-zum-Tode, on the one hand, and the Eastern idea of the fusion of language and world (Weltbild).

Key words: Language reality; HegelNietzscheHeidegger; Weltbild; Sein-zum-Tode; Emilian Stanev The Death of a Bird