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The two characteristics with which we can identify Niklas Luhmann and his work are innovation and objectivity. The former points out the originality of his way of thinking, respectively his concept of the society. The latter satisfies (to perfection) Max Weber's condition to make a clear difference in science between facts and values; even the hidden irony that Luhmann (in some places) shows is in an abstract context.
The present work refers to some more important aspects of the conceptual architectonics of the methodical theoretician Niklas Luhmann for the society, and in particular those which are related to its definition.
Keywords: society, sociology, systems theory, system/s, social systems, communication, difference / differentiation, mental systems, meaning, contingency, Alter, Ego, observation (first and second order), observer, (first and second placement).